Rules for the Volleyball Libero

Do you know the rules for playing libero in volleyball? If not, you’re in luck! Before stepping onto the court, here’s a breakdown of everything you need to know. Whether you’re a seasoned pro or just starting, these libero tips will help you make the most of your time on the court.

Some Common Rules for the Volleyball Libero

The libero is a unique defensive player in the game of volleyball. Initially introduced in 1998, the libero is now a standard fixture in collegiate and professional volleyball.

The libero’s rules are designed to provide this player with unique skills, making them a valuable asset to any team.

One of the most important rules is that the libero must be written down on the score sheet on the line meant for this. This makes sure that the libero’s contributions are recorded.

Additionally, the libero cannot serve as team or game captain, as this would unfairly advantage their team. These rules help create a fair and balanced game while giving the libero a vital role.

Volleyball Libero Gear

To distinguish the libero from the other players on the court, they must wear a uniform (or jacket for re-designation libero) with a jersey that contrasts in color with the rest of the team.

The libero uniform may be different in design, but it must be numbered the same as the rest of the team.

The uniform number must be visible if the re-designated libero wears a jacket.

Playing Actions Of The Volleyball Libero

The libero is a specialized volleyball player responsible for defense in the back row.

Liberos are not permitted to serve or attack the ball, but they are essential in preventing opponents from scoring points.

Also, liberos can replace any back-row player anytime during the game, giving them many options.

The libero can replace any back-row player, making him/her valuable for strategic and rotational substitutions.

The libero can’t finish an attack if the ball is hit above the net.

If the ball originates from an overhead finger pass from a libero in the front zone or its extension, the player may not finish an attack hit higher than the top of the net.

Volleyball Rules for Libero replacement of players

In volleyball, the libero is a crucial position. This player is tasked with returning to receive serves and digging up hard-hit balls. The libero often spends much time on the court and can quickly become fatigued. Replacements are allowed during rallies to give the libero a chance to rest.

Some guidelines must be followed, though.

Only the player who took the libero’s place can replace that individual.

Replacements may only be made while the ball is out of play and before the service whistle.

The libero cannot enter the court at the start of a set until the second referee has checked the starting lineup. This ensures that all players are in their correct positions and prevents any last-minute surprises.

There is a delayed penalty if a libero must be replaced late in a set. A close match gives the opposing team an advantage and can be costly. As a result, coaches must carefully consider their starting lineup and ensure that all players are ready to play.

Only through the sideline in front of their team’s bench, between the attack line and the end line, are the libero and replacement player permitted to enter and exit the court.

Volleyball regulations for re-designating a new libero

With the prior consent of the first referee, the coach or game captain may re-designate one of the players who are not on the court at the time of the re-designation as a new libero if the designated libero is hurt while playing volleyball.

It won’t be possible for the injured libero to finish the game to prevent teams from being penalized if their libero gets hurt during a game.

In volleyball, the re-designated libero must play libero for the remainder of the set. When re-designating a libero, the libero’s number must be recorded in the remarks box on the score sheet. The libero’s primary responsibility is to receive serves.

The libero position was created to encourage better ball control and more player substitutions. As a result, the game is more enjoyable for both players and spectators.

Libero Do’s and Don’ts


  • According to NFHS and NCAA regulations, the libero can be referred to as the floor captain.
  • Unlike the other players on the team, the libero wears a distinctive jersey.
  • Without leaving the court for a rally, the libero on the court may move directly to the service position.
  • The libero enters the court anywhere along that line, and the player they are switching with also leaves the court through that area.
  • The person who enters the court after the libero leaves must be the same person the libero replaces.
  • The libero may replace an injured player if no other options are available.
  • The team only has one libero at a time. Some teams use two liberos, but they never play together.
  • The libero can replace any back-row player.
  • Set up a platform pass (a bump set).
  • The libero plays in the back row.


  • FIVB rules prohibit the libero from serving, but most American leagues allow one rotational serve.
  • Liberos can’t block.
  • The libero can’t attack above the net.
  • The libero can’t hit an overhand finger pass above the net in the front zone.
  • When they touch the ball, if it’s above the net, they can’t attack from anywhere on the court or in the free zone.
  • No blocking or attempting to block is permitted.
  • No libero may be used if not listed in the starting lineup.
  • Liberos can’t replace expelled or disqualified teammates.
  • Liberos can’t be captains.
  • Whether a libero can serve as captain depends on the league, but under FIVB regulations for international play, a libero cannot serve as captain of both the team and the match.

Can a Libero Attack The Ball?

The libero is a specialized player who manages passing and defense in volleyball. A crucial quality of the libero is their versatility on the court, which gives them a unique perspective on the game. The libero’s ability to attack the ball depends on its height.

If the ball is below the net’s height, the libero can leap and attack it from in front of the 10′ line. The libero cannot leap and attack the ball from anywhere on the court if the ball is entirely above the net when contact is made.

Although it may appear to be a minor distinction, it significantly impacts how a point is decided. Yes, he can technically attack the ball.

Final Thoughts

The article discusses the role of the libero in volleyball, their responsibilities, and what they are and are not allowed to do. The article also covers other rules the libero must follow, read above, and learn about the facts.

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