Volleyball Court Positions 

Have you ever played volleyball and wondered what the positions on the court are called? Or maybe you’re a sports fan and want to learn more about the players’ responsibilities.

There are six zones on a volleyball court, and each has a specific number assigned to it. These numbers help coaches strategize, organize their teams, and teach basic volleyball knowledge. The three front row positions are numbered 2, 3, and 4. The team’s best hitters typically occupy these, and the back row positions are numbered 1, 6, and 5.

Position 1 is reserved for the setter, responsible for setting up the team’s attacks. Position 6 is typically occupied by the team’s best blocker. Position 5 is known as the “libero,” and this player specializes in defense.

Although each position has a specific purpose, all players must be able to play all positions well to succeed.

Either way, this blog post is for you! We’ll look at the official names for each position on a volleyball court and their actions during a game.

The Term Position

The term “position” in volleyball refers to a specific area on the court, primarily two areas: the role or position that a particular player fills and the zone or position of the court, such as middle back (Position 6).

What Are The 6 Positions In Volleyball?

Volleyball is a relatively simple game to learn, and it only requires six players. The six positions in volleyball are server, setter, outside hitter, middle blocker, right-side hitter, and libero. Each position has its responsibilities and skills that are necessary for the team to be successful.

  1. Those in positions 2, 3, and 4 are in the front row.
  2. Back row positions 1, 5, and 6 are all together.
  3. The back row fills the remaining 20 feet of the court’s length, leaving only 10 feet for the front row to occupy.

In volleyball, each player has a specific role to play to succeed. One of the most important positions is Position 6, which is responsible for anchoring the back row of the defense. Position 6 must be precisely in one-third of the court to be effective.

This split helps to organize the defense and make it more effective. If a coach tells you to stand in Position 6, ensure you are in the middle third of the back row.


Position 1

The right-back corner of the court is where Position 1 is situated. Because it sets up the entire play, this position in volleyball is crucial.

As the team rotates, position numbers move in the opposite direction.

Remember that positions are counted counterclockwise, so you can always get to the position you need to be in by counting backward from Position 1.

(Outside Hitters)

Position 4

The outside hitter is positioned on the court’s left side in volleyball. This means they will be lined up with the opposing team’s right-side hitter when you flip the court. Outside hitters mostly block in position four and attack from the left side of the court. This allows them to keep the opposing team’s right-side hitter from attacking.

Position 6

Position 6 is primarily relevant for defensive play. In high-level volleyball, to run it, you’ll need your outside hitter running straight down the middle of the court in the attack. When you’re in the front row, you have more options to attack, but you’re also more vulnerable to getting blocked.


Position 2

In Position 2, most of the time, setters spend time on the court in this position, even if they are supposed to be in the back row, because the most common volleyball offense will set the ball with a setter who plays from Position 2 (the right front of the court).

The main reason is that it’s easier to set a ball produced by an attack from this position. If a team’s primary hitter is playing in the front right position, the setter will likely be in Position 2 to deliver the ball right to them at the start of the play.

Opposite Side

Position 2

In most traditional lineups, the setter and right sides are usually opposite. In other words, if the setter is in the front row, the right side is in the back row, and vice versa.

This configuration provides the setter with a clear view of the entire court, making it easier to set up plays. Furthermore, it ensures that one player on each side of the court can attack the ball from anywhere on the court.

This is not to say that the setter and right side never change positions. Many coaches will vary their starting lineup depending on the situation.

Position 1

The right side will occupy the back right third of the court when seated in the back row. While setters are mainly concerned with defending in Position 1 and running to set the ball, right-side spikers must also think about hitting from the back row. Opposite spikers are some of the most influential attackers in top-level volleyball, even in the back row.

Right-side hitters must adjust their hitting angles for the different court positioning. Furthermore, right-side blockers must be aware of the opposing back-row attackers and be ready to make quick defensive adjustments.

Position 3

The middle blocker is responsible for blocking attacks from the opposing team. Middle blockers typically start in the middle of the front row, which allows them to read the play and participate in as many blocks as possible. Because they are blocking experts, you want them to be able to get up and block as many attackers as possible. So, having middle blockers start in the middle of the front row is essential for preventing opponents from scoring points.

Position 5

Usually, the middle blocker rotates into the back row for one rotation before the libero steps in to take their place. The libero, skilled in both passing and defense, acts as a calming force in the back row, helping maintain possession of the ball and giving the team time to refocus.

When forced to defend, middles typically take the left side of the court, where they can use their height and reach to block attacks.


The libero is a specialized player who is responsible for playing defense. Liberos are not permitted to rotate into the front row and typically play in Position 5. This position gives them a good view of the court to help cover tips, rolls, and shots. They can also chase down hard-driven balls and fill gaps as they appear.

However, some teams choose to play their libero in Position 6. This allows the libero more freedom to read the play and play on the ball. Either way, liberos play an essential role on defense and can help their team win matches.

What Is The Purpose Of Knowing Volleyball Court Positions?

  • Putting defensive measures in place
  • establishing offensive tactics
  • Knowing how the rotations operate
  • recognizing your position in the front or back rows
  • Be careful not to get yelled at by your coach for being in the wrong spot!

Knowing the different court positions can help you understand the game and make better strategic decisions. For example, the setter is typically responsible for setting up attacks, while the outside hitters are the main offensive threats. By understanding these roles, you can better anticipate where the ball is going and position yourself accordingly. Court positioning can also be used to your advantage when serves or spikes are directed at specific areas. For instance, a server may target the back row, knowing that the players there will have a more challenging time reaching it.

Bottom Line

Remember the different court positions and their purposes when you are playing or watching a volleyball game. You may find that you better understand the game and can appreciate it more. So get out there and enjoy!

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